Environmental - Circular Economy
Building a circular economy means moving away from the traditional take-make-waste extractive industrial model, to keeping perfectly good resources within the manufacturing loop for as long as possible. In a circular economy, waste is no longer considered waste, but instead a resource.

The benefits of, and means to achieve, a circular economy are wide-ranging but notably it means less extraction of already scarce natural resources, less pollution to land, air and water and significant reductions in GHG emissions. In practice this means reducing waste to an absolute minimum, replacing higher impact materials with lower impact alternatives, reusing wherever possible and then finally recycling waste where the other options are exhausted.

The Group adopts these “4R’s” as an operational mindset in its aims to contribute to a circular economy, and how they are adopted depends on the business activity and material impacts of the division. The different ways in which the Group addresses these are discussed in the following sections: